Located only half an hour’s drive from Iran’s capital, Tehran, Mt. Damavand is among the world’s most accessible 5000m altitudes, located in a rich and unique cultural milieu.
This majestic dormant stratovolcano – that looks like a bigger replication of Mt. Fujiyama in Japan – is the second highest in Asia and the highest in the Middle East. Covered by clouds most of the time, the snowy white summit of this mountain is one of the most spectacular views in Iran.
On Mt. Damavand’s lower slopes there are hot springs (with some of them located in the village of Larijan).
The volcano’s summit is featured with a crater of about 150–200 m across, covered by pumice stones and sulfurous rocks. The upper slopes and the crater itself are covered with snow in autumn, winter and spring. Climbers may encounter some difficulties (such as cough, throat irritation, running nose, and allergic reactions) due to the sulfuric gas at the altitude of about 5400m.
Damavand’s height allows for amazing views opening from its top to the valleys and mountains stretching hundreds of kilometers around. Particularly it provides great views of the Alborz Mountain Range, the Caspian Sea plain, as well as the deserts of central Iran.